Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
<object:standard:ss.912.w.8.6>What was the primary reason why the United States offered to send aid to Israel during the Yom Kippur War?
[removed] The Egyptian air force bombed Israel relentlessly.
[removed] They feared a growing Soviet influence in the region.
[removed] Too many Americans were losing their lives in Israel.
[removed] The U.S. needed to maintain economic influence in the region.
Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
<object:standard:ss.912.w.8.6>Use this image to answer the question:
This emblem shows a Jewish star inside a shape that combines a fortress and a shield. Which of the following did this emblem most likely represent?
[removed] Jewish diaspora
[removed] Jewish assimilation
Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
<object:standard:ss.912.w.8.6>Read this quote from the Balfour Declaration of 1917, then answer the question:
“His Majesty’s Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of the object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious’ rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”—excerpt from the Balfour Declaration, 1917
What does this excerpt from the Balfour Declaration argue for?
[removed] a disregard for the rights of Palestinians
[removed] protecting Jews from the Palestinians
[removed] the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine
[removed] granting citizenship rights to Palestinians
Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
© 2012 The Associated Press
The town in this photograph is named Duvallerville. It was founded by the Haitian President Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier. What does this image say about Duvalier’s approach toward governing?
[removed] He wanted to modernize Haiti.
[removed] He focused on improving Haiti’s infrastructure.
[removed] He did not focus on human welfare programs.
[removed] He did not approve of poorly planned projects.
Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
<object:standard:ss.912.w.8.8>Read this quote from Fidel Castro, then answer the question:
Marxism taught me what society was. I was like a blindfolded man in a forest, who doesn’t even know where north or south is. If you don’t eventually come to truly understand the history of the class struggle, or at least have a clear idea that society is divided between the rich and the poor, and that some people subjugate and exploit other people, you’re lost in a forest, not knowing anything.—Fidel Castro, 2009
Fidel Castro, long-time leader of Cuba, made the above statement during an interview in 2009. The statement is in response to a question about what influenced him to become a Cuban nationalist. Which of the following can be inferred from this statement?
[removed] Geopolitics is important to a people’s well-being.
[removed] A revolution should arise out of a people’s history.
[removed] Society’s rich should not exploit the poor.
[removed] Nonviolence should be used to achieve class equality.
Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
<object:standard:ss.912.w.8.8>Jawaharlal Nehru would be considered
[removed] an activist Indian leader
[removed] a violent dictator in India
[removed] one who compromised with imperial powers
[removed] one who opposed democratic reforms
Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
<object:standard:ss.912.w.9.4>Use this image to answer the question:
© 2012 The Associated Press
This photograph was taken in Rafah in Palestinian territory in 2009. What does the photo reveal about violence in the region?
[removed] Entire families are engaged in violent acts of violence.
[removed] Children are in harm’s way due to acts of violence.
[removed] Militants cannot operate out of destroyed buildings.
[removed] It has not disrupted the lives of civilians.
Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
<object:standard:ss.912.w.9.4>Read this quote from Yasser Arafat, then answer the question:
“Palestine is the cement that holds the Arab world together, or it is the explosive that blows it apart.”—Yasser Arafat
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat made the above statement during an interview with Time Magazine (November 11, 1974). Based on this quote, which of the following statements would Arafat also agree with?
[removed] If Palestinian peace is not achieved, all Middle East nations will descend into chaos and violence.
[removed] All the nations of the Middle East look to Palestine and its leaders for guidance in how to cooperate peacefully.
[removed] It is the Palestinians themselves, not the Israelis, who must find the path to peace in the Middle East.
[removed] Most Middle Eastern nations have too many internal problems to concern themselves with the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
<object:standard:ss.912.w.9.4>The desired outcome for Basque nationalists in Spain is
[removed] limited local autonomy
[removed] complete independence
[removed] the removal of Spanish troops
[removed] a cease-fire with Spain