SOCIOL 1 UCI LGBTQ Cultural Isomorphism & Religion Belief Questions

I’m working on a Social Science exercise and need support.


(Post your response on the discussion exercise board for your specific section only by 5:00PM Friday Oct 23rd)

  • Choose a culture that you identify with and give an example of an important belief, value, and norm in that culture.
  • Identify a subculture (does not have to be connected to question 1). In what ways might this group’s values oppose dominant culture? Identify a counterculture. In what ways might this group’s values be incompatible with dominant culture?
  • What is cultural isomorphism? Provide an example.

PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY Chapter 3: Culture Socialization Society is a group of people who shape their lives in aggregated and patterned ways that distinguish their group from others – Society is group of people (structured system of social relationships) bounded by space and time (population) who share a culture – Both a product of instinct and created – Becoming human 2 What is Culture? ■ ■ CULTURE = the system of symbols people in a society use to create, store, and organize their affairs – Beliefs, Values, Norms, Language, Patterns of action, and Physical Objects – Transmitted across generations SYMBOLS = object or action that by social convention stands for, represents, something else. – ■ Arbitrary but consensual Language is made up of significant symbols – A cultural universal – Sapir-Whorf hypothesis- Does thought come before language or language comes before thought? 3 Symbols vs Signs 4 Components of Culture ■ What gets learned? – Beliefs = ideas that people in a society share about what exists, what is true – Values = ideas that people in a society share about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable, appropriate or inappropriate – Norms = standards/rules and expectations that people in a society share about how they are supposed to act, think, or feel in particular situations which are enforced by positive and negative sanctions. 5 Components of Culture ■ Role = set of normative requirements/expectations that apply to the activities of a specific category of people in a particular situation. ■ Social Role = the activities or expectations of individuals in a specific social status ■ Social Status = a recognized position or location within a larger system of social positions ■ Master Status = a status which permeates all other statuses in a status set. – Examples: Age, Gender, Ethnicity, SES. 6 Components of Culture ■ Social Groups = relatively small systems of status positions – Primary – small, frequent interaction, intimate relationships – Secondary – larger, impersonal interaction, segmented relationships ■ Social Institutions = general patterns of social organization or social systems that develop around or focus on accomplishing goals related to basic human and or/social needs. – Basic social institutions involve basic needs Family, Education, Religion, Economics, Polity/Government, Health/Medicine, Mass Media. 7 Culture Internalized ■ INTERNALIZATION = the process by which we incorporate within our personality/self the norms that are prevalent within our society. ■ CONSCIENCE = the internal operation of ethical or moral principles that control the action, thoughts, and/or feelings of an individual. ■ Culture provides both the context and conduct of socialization. 8 Culture Internalized ■ Dominant culture = the culture of the group whose values, norms, traditions, and perspectives are imposed on society as a whole. ■ Subculture = a subgroup in society whose perspectives and lifestyles differ from the dominant culture. ■ Counterculture= a subgroup in society whose beliefs, norms, and values are often incompatible with mainstream culture. 9 Cultural Change ■ Ideal v Real ■ Cultural Variability = cultural differences resulting from Social Change – Alterations occur over time – Stable and enduring patterns make up society – Generation gap 10 Cultural Diffusion ■ Isomorphism = when distinct cultures become increasing similar ■ Cultural imperialism = the imposition of one culture’s beliefs and practices on another culture through media and consumer products rather than military force 11 Cultural Diffusion 12 …
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