Sir Robert Peel implemented his Nine Principles to give guidance to the newly formed New Westminster Police Service. How many of these nine principles are still in use today in law enforcement. List the principles still in use today. If they have changed, what would they be known as today?

CHAPTER 1 POLICE HISTORY and near the Metropolis (the Metropolitan Police Act). Parliament passed the act in 1829. It established the first large-scale, uniformed, organized, paid civil police force in London. More than one thou sand men were hired. Although a civil rather than a 6. Police use physical force to the extent neces sary to secure observance of the law or to restore order only when the exercise of per warning is found to b suasion, advice, and insufficient military force, it was structured along military lines, 7, Police, at all times, should maintain a relation with officers wearing distinctive uniforms. The first London Metropolitan Police wore three-quarter length royal blue coats, white trousers, and top hats. They were armed with truncheons, the equivalent of today's police baton. The police were commanded by two magistrates, later called commissioners. ship with the public that gives reality to the his- toric tradition that the police are the public and the public are the police, the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the interests of community wel London's first police commissioners were Colonel Charles Rowan, a career military officer fare and existence 8. Police should always direct their action strictly towards their functions and never appear to chard Mayne, a lawyer. Pee Mayne believed that mutual respect between the police and citizens would be crucial to the success of the new force. As a result, the early “bobbies (called that in honor of their founder) were chosen for their ability to reflect and inspire the highest per sonal ideals among young men in early 19th-centuryPee England. The control of the new police was dele gated to the home secret rs of the judiciary “9. The test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder, not the visible evidence of police action in dealing with it pinciples were concerned with the pre ventive role of the police and positive relationships tary, a member of the demo and cooperation between the cratically elected government. Thus, the police as we ty it served. Consider the similarity between Peel's know them today were, from their very beginning, ultimately responsible to the public principles and the concepts of community policing Peel has become known as the founder of mod that have influenced policing during the past few decades. See Chapter 12 for a complete discussion of r, it must be noted that he was community policing. never a member of a police department to policing comes from his influence in getting the police bill passed. The early London police were As a result of the formation of the new police force, the patchwork of private law enforcement systems in use at the time was abolished. Many guided by Peel's Nine Principles, as deseribed by believe that the English model of policing eventually the New Westminster Police Service: N became the model for the United States. The Metropolitan Police was organized around the beat system, in which officers were assigned to relatively small permanent posts and were expected to become familiar with them and the people resid 1. The basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder 2. The ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police ing there, thereby making the officer a part of neigh borhood life. This system differed from the patrols of the Paris police, which consisted of periodic rov- surveillance of areas. Paris police patrols were never assigned to the same area on successive nights, thus not encouraging a close familiarity between the 2 3. Police must secure the willing coop eration of the public in voluntary observance of the law to be able to secure and maintain the respect of the 8 Ic po lice and the public 4. The degree of cooperation of the public that can be secured diminishes proportionately to the necessity of the use of physical force. 5. Police seek and preserve public favour not Peel's Nine Principles Basic guidelines created by Sir Robert Peel for the London Metr by catering to public opinion but by constantly demonstrating absolute impartial service to opalitan Police in 1829 beat system System of palicing created by Sir Robert Peel for the Landon Metropolitan Police in 1829 in which officers were aw assigned to relatively small permanent posts.

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