Resting pulse rate is an important measure of the fitness of a person's cardiovascular system with a lower rate indicative of greater fitness. The mean pulse rate for all adult males is approximately 72 beats per minute. A random sample of 25 male students currently enrolled in the School of Agriculture was selected and the mean pulse resting pulse rate was found to be 80 beats per minute with a standard deviation of 20 beats per minute. The experimenter wishes to test if the students are less fit, on average, than the general population.

A possible Type II error would be to:

Conclude that the students are less fit (on average) than the general population when in fact they have equal fitness on average.

Conclude that the students have the same fitness (on average) as the general population when in fact they are less fit on average.

Conclude that the students have the same fitness (on average) as the general population when in fact they are the same fitness level on average.

Conclude that the students are less fit (on average) than the general population, when, in fact, they are less fit on average.

Conclude that the students have the same fitness (on average) when in fact they are more fit on average.

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