Researchers conducted a study to determine whether magnets are effective in treating back pain The results are shown in the table for the treatment (with magnets) group and the sham (or placebo) group The results are a measure of reduction in back pain Assume that the two samples are independent simple random samples selected from normally distributed populations and do not assume that the population standard deviations are equal Complete parts (a) and (b) below a. Use a 0.05 significance level and test the claim that those treated with magnets have a greater mean reduction in pain than those given a sham treatment. What are the null and alternative hypotheses? A. H_0: mu_1 < mu_2 H_1: mu_1 greaterthanorequalto mu_2 B. H_0: mu_1 notequalto mu_2 H_1: mu_1 < mu_2 C. H_0: mu_1 = mu_2 H_1: mu_1 notequalto mu_2 D. H_0: mu_1 = mu_2 H_1: mu_1 > mu_2 The test statistic, t. is. The P-value is. State the conclusion for the test. the null hypothesis There sufficient evidence to support the claim that those treated with magnets have a greater mean reduction in pain than those given a sham treatment. Is it valid to argue that magnets might appear to be effective if the sample sizes are larger? Since the for those treated with magnets is the sample mean for those given a sham treatment, it valid to argue that magnets might appear to be effective if the sample sizes are larger. b. Construct a confidence interval suitable for testing the claim that those treated with magnets have a greater mean reduction in pain than those given a sham treatment.

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