Week 1 QuizA valid argument is an argument that is such that?Logic is the study of?Which of these could be seen as a premise in an argument?A valid deductive argument, the premises of which are accepted as true, shows?”You didn’t like that book; so you probably don’t like to read” is?A parent who tells her daughter to go to bed, and refuses to argue for her claim, could be called?The denial that most or all of our beliefs cannot be shown to be true is called?__________________ is often credited with inventing the syllogism.Which of the following is likely to indicate a conclusion?Reasons given to support a conclusion are called?Week 1 Quiz (1).3;=”” color:=”” rgb(58,=”” 58,=”” 58);=”” font-family:=”” arial,=”” helvetica,=”” sans-serif;=”” font-size:=”” 13px;=”” background-color:=”” rgb(255,=”” 255,=”” 255);”=””>Questions1.Question : “If I do well in logic, then I will be happy” is called a ______________ sentence.2.Question :If a reason that is not relevant to the conclusion is given,3.Question :In logic, argument is4.Question :In the statement, “You didn’t like that restaurant; so you probably don’t like to eat out,” “you probably don’t like to out” is the5.Question :A valid argument is an argument that is such that6.Question :Reasons given to support a conclusion are called7.Question :It follows logically from the claim that Bob is shorter than Ted that8.Question :To identify an argument, one should try to identify9.Question :Which of the following is likely to indicate a premise?10.Question :One way to refute an argument logically is toWeek 2 QuizInductive arguments should never be characterized as?One way to make an inductive argument stronger is to?If I expect that something in the future will be similar to something in the past, it is likely that I am using?One way to make an inductive argument stronger is to?Assume you are given a sound argument. What do you know about it?Deductive arguments should never be characterized as?A sound argument is a valid deductive argument with actually ___________________ premises.Human reasoning tends to use a mixture of both?”When I once visited Texas, it was hot. So the next time I visit Texas, it will be hot” is an example of a?All sound arguments are valid, but not all valid arguments are sound. This means?Week 3 Quiz 1.Question :A person who is shown his or her argument commits a fallacy should2.Question :”All dogs like bones; Sirius is a dog; therefore Sirius likes bones” may commit which fallacy?3.Question :A student asks a teacher for a one-day extension. The teacher says if she gives a one-day extension, then she would have to give a two-day extension, then a three-day extension, and eventually not have any deadlines.This might be an example of the 4.Question :”The Senator wants to cut spending on police. I guess she doesn’t care if we all get murdered” may commit which fallacy? 5.Question :The following might be regarded as committing the fallacy of the loaded question. 6.Question :”Bob is a convicted felon. So what he says cannot be true” commits a(n) 7.Question :If an argument does not commit a fallacy, it is 8.Question :”China uses too much oil. So they shouldn’t develop their industry” may commit which fallacy? 9.Question :“That coin, when flipped, will either come up heads or tails” may commit which fallacy? 10.Question :”I bought a pair of shoes from that store that immediately fell apart. Their shoes are no good” may commit which fallacy?.3;=”” color:=”” rgb(58,=”” 58,=”” 58);=”” font-family:=”” arial,=”” helvetica,=”” sans-serif;=”” font-size:=”” 13px;=”” background-color:=”” rgb(255,=”” 255,=”” 255);”=””>.3;=”” color:=”” rgb(58,=”” 58,=”” 58);=”” font-family:=”” arial,=”” helvetica,=”” sans-serif;=”” font-size:=”” 13px;=”” background-color:=”” rgb(255,=”” 255,=”” 255);”=””>Week 3 Quiz1.”Officer, please don’t give me a ticket. My kids were hungry, and I had to drive fast to get them their food” may commit which fallacy? (Points: 1)Begging the questionChinese room fallacySlippery slope fallacyAppeal to pity2.If an argument does not commit a fallacy, it is (Points: 1)necessarily valid.necessarily sound.Not enough information to determineBoth A and B3.”Thomas Jefferson owned slaves, so slavery must have been a good idea” may commit which fallacy? (Points: 1)Appeal to pityNo fallacy committedAppeal to authorityAppeal to ignorance4.My husband snores. All men must snore commits which of these fallacies. (Points: 1)Hasty generalizationAppeal to pityFalse CausePost hoc ergo propter hoc5.The following might be regarded as committing the fallacy of the loaded question. (Points: 1)Do you have any bananas?Is adultery immoral?Have you quit cheating on your wife?Why don’t you quit cheating on your wife?6.“That coin, when flipped, will either come up heads or tails” may commit which fallacy? (Points: 1)Slippery slope fallacyNo fallacy committedFalse dichotomyBegging the question7.”The Senator wants to cut spending on police. I guess she doesn’t care if we all get murdered” may commit which fallacy? (Points: 1)Straw man fallacyFalse CauseAppeal to popularityNo fallacy committed8.”All dogs like bones; Sirius is a dog; therefore Sirius likes bones” may commit which fallacy? (Points: 1)No fallacy committedAd canemSlippery slope fallacyBegging the question9.”If that wasn’t illegal, then it wouldn’t be against the law” may commit which fallacy? (Points: 1)Begging the questionChinese room fallacySlippery slope fallacyAppeal to pity10.”You should read this book. Everybody likes it so it must be good” may commit which fallacy? (Points: 1)Appeal to pityAppeal to popularityAppeal to parenthoodArgumentum ad librumWeek 4 Critical Thinking Quiz1.Since Jessica’s participation in local politics increased significantly after she joined her school’s political science club, it is clear that her involvement in that club led her to take an interest in politics.?The argument above is flawed because:week 5 Final Paper Informal Logic Are Science and Religion in ConflictorWeek 5 Final Should homosexuals be able to marry?orWeek 5 Final Should Abortion be LegalFocus of the Final Paper – Argument PaperFor the Final Paper, you will identify a specific claim relative to one of the topics listed before and defend it with as strong an argument as possible. These topics are presented below as questions. The best way to develop a thesis statement is to offer an answer to the question, and then state in a clear and specific sentence the basis for your answer.1. Should homosexuals be able to marry?2. Is racism and anti-Semitism still a problem in the United States?3. Is factory farming cruel to animals?4. Is anthropogenic climate change (what used to be known as “global warming”) a problem that needs immediate and/or long term attention?5. Should physician-assisted suicide be legal?6. What, if any, limits should there be to embryonic stem cell research?7. Should public workers be allowed to join unions and engage in collective bargaining?8. Is the death penalty just and applied fairly?9. Are there any legitimate restrictions on gun ownership?10. Is it a problem if one percent of Americans possess 50% of American wealth and assets?11. Should abortion be legal?12. Should evolution be taught in the public schools?13. Are science and religion in conflict?14. Can one be moral and not believe in God?Part One – ThesisIn this part of the paper, the thesis is to be stated clearly and specifically. It should appear no later than the end of the introduction paragraph.Part Two – ArgumentThis part of the paper will present the argument for the thesis. The focus should be on identifying the strongest support for the thesis. Then, present that support by constructing an argument. This argument, or set of arguments, will probably employ both deductive and inductive reasoning.Part Three – Counter-thesis and counter-argumentIn this part of the paper, the strongest objection to the thesis is presented along with an argument (probably briefer than the argument in Part Two) for that thesis.Part Four – Response to counter-thesisIn this part of the paper, you respond to and refut
e the counter-argument based on evidence discussed in Part Three. This response will draw on the earlier argument in Part Two to show that the original thesis can be defended against this objection.The paper will be evaluated in terms of the grading rubric. The clearer your presentation of the debate and the more specific you can be in that presentation, the stronger the paper will be.The Final Paper must besix to eight pagesin length (not counting the cover page or reference list).You must use at least four resources, at least one of which must provide support for your thesis and at least one of which must provide support for your counter-thesis.Two of the four required resources must be found in the Ashford Online Library. The Final Paper must be formatted according to APA (6th edition) style, and all resources must be properly cited in text as well as on the reference page. If you would like to refer to APA samples and tutorials, log into the Ashford Writing Center (located in the Learning Resources tab in the left navigation bar).Week 5 Quiz1. The sentence “P ? Q” is best read asIf P then QIf Q then PP or QP if and only if Q2. What is the truth value of the sentence “P v ~ P”?TrueFalseCannot be determinedNot a sentence3. In the conditional “P ? Q,” “Q is asufficient condition for Q.sufficient condition for P.necessary condition for P.necessary condition for Q.4. If P is false, and Q is false, the truth-value of “P ?Q” isFalseTrueCannot be determinedAll of the above5. One of the disadvantages of using truth tables isit is difficult to keep the lines straightT’s are easy to confuse with F’s.they grow exponentially and become too large for complex arguments.they cannot distinguish strong inductive arguments from weak inductive arguments.6. Truth tables can be used to examineInductive argumentsDeductive argumentsaeductive argumentsAll of the above7. If P is true, and Q is false, the truth-value of “P ? Q” isFalseTrueCannot be determinedAll of the above8. What is the truth value of the sentence “P & ~ P”?TrueFalseCannot be determinedNot a sentence9. In the conditional “P ?Q,” “P” is asufficient condition for Q.sufficient condition for P.necessary condition for P.necessary condition for Q.10. Truth tables candisplay all the possible truth values involved with a set of sentences.determine what scientific claims are true.determine if inductive arguments are strong.determine if inductive arguments are weak.

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