Orchard Company completed its first year of operations on December 31, 2012. Its initial income statement showed that Orchard had revenues of $198,000 and operating expenses of $83,000. Accounts receivable and accounts payable at year-end were $60,000 and $23,000, respectively. Assume that accounts payable related to operating expenses. Ignore income taxes.
Compute net cash provided by operating activities using the direct method.