Introduction
Obesity is the accumulation of abnormal fat cell; it is the energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. It is usually 20% or more over an individual’s healthy weight taking into account age, sex and height.
Obesity is measured using body mass index (BMI). This is a tool used to determine if individuals are underweight, of healthy weight, over weight or obese. This is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in meters squared (XXX). A normal BMI is between 18.5 and 24.99 and a BMI of 30 or above is classed as obese. These classifications can be seen in table taken from the world health organisation. Obesity increases the risk of various health conditions some of which are fatal. Prevalence of obesity in Australian population has been increasing and in studies conducted researchers found in 2011-2012, 60% of Australian adults were over weight or obese and 25% of that percentile was classified as obese. Studies show the most prevalent socioeconomic group were the most disadvantaged, aboriginals, Torres straight islanders and those born over seas.
The case study is divided into four parts each referring to different aspects of the obese disorder. The first paragraph will discuss the aetiology of obesity and the risk factors involved, the next paragraph will examine symptoms, how genetics are involved and the link obesity has to metabolic syndrome such as hearth disease and diabetes. The third paragraph will discuss diagnostic process, the management and care in primary health. The fourth paragraph will discuss treatment options for obesity including medications, surgery and lifestyle changes. The last paragraph will conclude the important points of the case study. This case study aims to

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