1. Which of the following statements concerning the rational and emotional aspects of leadership is false?A. Leaders can use rational techniques and/or emotional appeals in order to influence followersB. Leadership includes actions and influences based only on reason and logicC. Aroused feelings can be used either positively or negativelyD. Good leadership involves touching others’ feelings2. To many, the word management suggestsA. DynamismB. Risk-takingC. EfficiencyD. Creativity3. According to the text, leadership is often more associated withA. ConsistencyB. PlanningC. PaperworkD. Change4. This is a conventional distinction made between managers and leaders.A. Managers maintain while leaders developB. Managers innovate while leaders administerC. Managers inspire while leaders controlD. Managers originate while leaders imitate5. Which of the following statements about leaders versus managers is false?A. Leadership is a value-laden, activity, management is notB. Leaders focus on risk taking; managers perform functions such as planning and controllingC. Leaders are thought to do things right, managers do the right thingsD. Leaders develop, managers maintain6. According to the text, which of the following statements is true?A. Leadership and management have some unique functions with an area of overlapB. A good leader can be a good manager, but the reverse is never trueC. Leadership and management are not relatedD. Leadership and management are effectively the same for all practical purposes7. What best describes the leader-follower relationship?A. The relationship is a one-way streetB. Leadership and followership are the same thingC. Leadership and followership merge and are linked conceptsD. It is based on the idea of ‘one-man leadership’8. Ideal leaders according to a survey were commonly characterized as all of the following exceptA. HonestB. CompetentC. Forward-lookingD. Cooperative9. According to a survey research by Judith Rosener, in terms of their leadership experiences,A. Women tended to describe themselves in transactional termsB. Men tended to describe themselves in somewhat transformational termsC. Men influenced others primarily in terms of personal characteristicsD. Women helped subordinates develop commitment for broader goals than their own self-interest10. What term did Rosener coin to describe how some women leaders encouraged participation and shared power and information, but went far beyond what is commonly thought of as participative management?A. Autocratic leadershipB. Laissez faire leadershipC. Interactive leadershipD. Transactional leadership11. Women leaders’ interactive leadership style developedA. Due to their socialization experiences and career pathsB. Because of exchanges with subordinates for services renderedC. By influencing others primarily through their organizational position and authorityD. Because of their organizational position12. According to female executives, what is the major factor that prevents senior female executives from advancing to corporate leadership?A. Lack of significant general managementB. Male stereotyping and preconceptionsC. Inhospitable corporate cultureD. Exclusion from informal networks13. According to female executives. which of the following factors least prevents women from advancing to corporate leadership?A. Women not being in the pipeline long enoughB. Exclusion from informal networksC. Inhospitable corporate cultureD. Lack of significant line experience14. Most male CEOs attribute the paucity of women in corporate leadership roles to which of the following?A. Exclusion from informal networksB. Women not in pipeline long enoughC. Male stereotyping and preconceptionsD. Inadequacies in the quality of experience for the top spots15. According to a recent study, one of the general factors that explains the shift toward more women leaders is that women themselves have changed.It is evident in all except:A. A trend toward less stereotypically masculine characterizations of leadershipB. Women’s aspirations and attitudes have become less similar to those of men over timeC. A legislation prohibiting gender-based discrimination at workD. Changes in organizational norms that put a higher priority on results than an “old boy” network16. The symbolic message often intended by appointment of women to important leadership positions is evidence of the fact thatA. Culture has changedB. Women themselves have changedC. Leadership roles have changedD. Organizational practices have changed17. Which of the following statements concerning the reflection component of the AOR model is false?A. Leaders are always aware of the value of reflection in leadership developmentB. It is the most neglected component of the AOR modelC. It can provide leaders with a variety of insights into how to frame problems differentlyD. A reason for the reflection component to be neglected often may be due to time pressure at work18. What describes a kind of learning between the individual and the environment in which learners seek relatively little feedback that may significantly confront their fundamental ideas or actions?A. Deutero-learningB. Double loop learningC. Triple-loop learningD. Single-loop learning19. Confronting one’s beliefs, inviting others to challenge you and working on personal blind spots are aspects of the process ofA. AttributionB. Double-loop learningC. Self-fulfilling prophecyD. Single-loop learning20. Mastering _____ can be thought of as learning how to learn.A. Double-loop learningB. Single-loop learningC. Deutero-learningD. Triple-loop learning21. People who become leaders in any field tend to first stand out by virtue of theirA. Interpersonal skillsB. Technical proficiencyC. Emotional intelligenceD. Intercultural competence22. In an organization, one can gain valuable perspectives and insights through close association with an experienced person willing to take one under his/her wing. Such an individual is often called aA. SupervisorB. FacilitatorC. Role modelD. Mentor23. The process by which an older and more experienced person helps to socialize and encourage younger organizational colleagues is calledA. EvaluatingB. ConsultingC. MentoringD. Networking24. How are mentorees benefited in a mentoring relationship?A. By gaining an influential ally and by learning about the subtler aspects of organizational ethicsB. By the greater influence they accrue by having former mentorees in various positions across the organizationC. By having a younger replacement ready to fill their position if they are promotedD. By encouraging younger colleagues in the organization25. What is seen as an investment that can help change counterproductive behavior, often interpersonal, that threatens to derail an otherwise valued manager?A. MentoringB. Executive coachingC. Team buildingD. Change management

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