History Multiple Choice Questions Test Bank

Part 1 of 1 –

Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points
The ability to make yarn at a much faster pace:


A. was achieved by the development of George Stephenson’s Rocket.
B. was retarded by adoption of the Lysenko Doctrine in 1808.
C. became necessary after the development of the flying shuttle.
D. depended upon the inventions of Charles Seurat.


Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points
The steam engine was developed by:


A. Edmund Cartwright.
B. James Hargreaves.
C. Henry Cort.
D. James Watt.


Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points
Which of the following statements is a FALSE observation about the development of the Industrial Revolution?


A. The use of machinery in factories helped to stimulate urban growth.
B. The highly productive nature of industrial manufacturing created continuous opportunities for reinvestment and increased production.
C. Price reductions produced increased markets, thus continuing the traditional, self sustaining nature of the European economy as it had functioned since the early 1600s.
D. Rural workers found new employment opportunities in railroad construction.


Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points
Continental European industrialization:


A. started a full generation before it did in England.
B. began in Belgium, France, and the German states.
C. didn’t gain momentum until the 1890s in France.
D. was centered in northwestern Piedmont until 1815.


Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points
Industrial development in the United States before 1870:


A. made no real impression on either the society or the economy.
B. included an efficient transportation network.
C. had Asian immigrants making up over half of the factory labor until the 1850s.
D. depended upon slave labor in the factories.


Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points
__________ was forced to reduce its industrial production by a more powerful competitor.


A. Argentina
B. India
C. Prussia
D. Russia


Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points
The population in Europe during the nineteenth century:


A. remained steady until the 1830s, and then began to decrease steadily.
B. was notable for rapid overall growth and a far more rapid increase in city populations.
C. was dramatically reduced when the Great Famine killed thirty five percent of the Russian, Irish, and Prussian populations.
D. decreased as peasants, reassured by falling death rates, reduced the rural birth rate by over sixty percent due to their adoption of birth control.


Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points
The new, industrial middle class was:


A. actually not new at all, but was a propaganda term created by Napoleon III.
B. the term used to describe the European proletariat after 1810.
C. composed of people who were often the children of industrial workers or rural gentry.
D. composed of increasingly wealthy individuals who wanted political status and power.


Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points
Britain’s Factory Act of 1833:


A. reduced the number of women working in factories.
B. reduced the number of children working in factories.
C. established an eight hour work day for all workers.
D. placed a high tariff on imports in order to increase the profits of industrialists.


Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points
All of the following are correct about nineteenth century Liberalism EXCEPT:


A. having economic and political components.
B. supporting the idea of civil rights.
C. wanting to limit governmental power.
D. opposing limiting governmental power.


Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points


A. was a potential threat to the existing political order.
B. had major support only in western, Atlantic coast Europe until the late 1860s.
C. was firmly opposed by Bismarck and Cavour.
D. won speedy acceptance across Europe because every government was helped by it.


Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points
The Congress of Vienna in 1815:


A. was attended by representatives of France, Britain, Italy and the United States.
B. operated in accord with the principles of liberalism.
C. agreed to meet periodically to take steps to maintain Europe’s peace and stability.
D. created the Concert of Europe, an interchange of musicians who presented a gala series of performances, with concerts given in a different capital each year.


Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points
The most multinational state in Europe in the nineteenth century, and thus the one most threatened by the new ideology of nationalism, was:


A. Britain.
B. Italy.
C. Germany.
D. Austria.


Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points
Prussia’s victory over Austria in 1866 allowed the Italians to take over __________ and the withdrawal of French troops during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 allowed the Italians to take over __________.


A. Naples; Florence
B. Venetia; Rome
C. Rome; Milan
D. Venice; Syracuse


Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points
The Eastern European state that gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830 was:


A. Serbia.
B. Greece.
C. Bosnia.
D. Romania.


Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points
The policies of Otto von Bismarck before 1871:


A. were based on the practice of Idealpolitik.
B. ignored domestic opposition and concentrated on foreign affairs.
C. used warfare as an instrument of policy, regardless of its consequences.
D. used parliament to endorse the policy of increased taxes, and used the new revenues collected to reorganize the Prussian military.


Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points
Which of the following was NOT a result of the Franco Prussian War of 1870?


A. Louis Napoleon made himself Emperor of the Third Republic.
B. German unification was achieved.
C. The French suffered a military and political humiliation.
D. The south German states came under Prussian domination.


Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points
The Ausgleich of 1867 was all of the following EXCEPT it:


A. created the dual monarchy of Austria Hungary.
B. was the result, in part, of heavy pressure from Hungarian nationalists, who gained strength.
C. enabled the German Austrians and Hungarian Magyars to dominate the dual state.
D. unified Austria with the Bismarck’s emerging German Empire.


Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points
All of the following are correct about Russia in the nineteenth and early twentieth century EXCEPT:


A. Alexander II, a reformer, was assassinated.
B. Alexander III and Nicholas II continued Alexander II’s reforms.
C. Russia lost a war to Japan.
D. Russia was industrializing, particularly after 1890.


Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points
The territory annexed by Austria in 1908, which enraged Serbia, was:


A. Romania.
B. Montenegro and Wallachia.
C. Moldavia.
D. Bosnia and Herzegovina.



Part 1 of 1 –

Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points
The Manchu Dynasty did NOT fall because of:


A. discreet Japanese economic pressure.
B. pressures placed upon it by Western imperialism.
C. its growing inability to control Chinese society.
D. constant Chinese population growth.


Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points
The Opium War:


A. finally forced China to cease selling opium in India and Singapore.
B. was ended by the Treaty of Taiwan.
C. gave Britain control of Hong Kong.
D. ended with a British defeat.


Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points
Which of the following was NOT a feature of the Treaty of Nanjing?


A. Hong Kong was transferred to British control.
B. The British agreed to stop exporting opium to China.
C. The British obtained the right to begin trading in five Chinese ports.
D. All British citizens in China were granted extraterritorial rights.


Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points
Hong Xiuquan:


A. was the Christian leader of the Taiping Rebellion.
B. was a retired houseboy who became emperor in 1855.
C. was angered by government expenditures to widen and deepen the Grand Canal.
D. supported the Qing during the Taiping Rebellion.


Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points
Which of the following was NOT true about the loss of Qing control over its empire in the late nineteenth century?


A. Japan defeated China in a war over Korea in the 1890s.
B. The Russians transferred territories north of the Amur River in Siberia to China.
C. The Tibetans revived their local autonomy.
D. The British and the French removed Burma and Vietnam from their traditional relationship to the Manchu court.


Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points
In 1894, the Qing went to war with Japan over:


A. Tibet.
B. Korea.
C. Vietnam.
D. Laos.


Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points
A new round of Western territorial demands in China was sparked by the successful 1897 German acquisition of much of the:


A. island of Sri Lanka.
B. Shandong Peninsula.
C. Liaodong Peninsula.
D. Korean Peninsula.


Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points
As a result of German acquisition of the Shandong Peninsula, all of the following occurred EXCEPT:


A. Russia was able to acquire Port Arthur.
B. the Chinese government initiated new reforms, at the request of Kang Youwei.
C. the United States pursued an Open Door policy in China.
D. it was obvious that the dismemberment of China was impossible.


Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points
In the years after the Boxer Rebellion the:


A. Manchu leader, Sun Yat sen, abdicated.
B. Manchus resorted to reactionary repression throughout China.
C. Manchus refused to institute even limited reforms.
D. slow pace of reform served to intensify revolutionary fervor among the new reformist elite.


Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points
The medical doctor who formed the Revive China Society was:


A. Cixi.
B. Kang Youwei.
C. Sun Yat sen.
D. Chiang Kai shek.


Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points
China’s “last emperor” was:


A. Mao Zedong.
B. Guangxu.
C. Kuang Hsu.
D. Puyi.


Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points
The Chinese revolution of 1911:


A. was the first successful Marxist revolution in history.
B. left a power vacuum in the country due to the collapse of the Manchu Dynasty.
C. was the event that gave reformers the power they needed to immediately establish democracy.
D. was seen by the West as their greatest achievement.


Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points
All of the following are correct about China at the end of the nineteenth century EXCEPT:


A. industrial production was on the rise, although it was still based largely on traditional methods.
B. the transportation system was chaotic.
C. the rapidly increasing population resulted in smaller plots of land for the peasants.
D. the Qing had finally succeeded in uniting all Chinese behind the regime.


Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points
The Japanese opening to the West resulted from:


A. the naval expeditions of Commodore Perry.
B. the diplomatic efforts of Lord Amherst.
C. the aftermath of the Plague of 1853.
D. the vote of a two thirds majority in the Diet.


Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points
All of the following were true about the “Sat Cho” alliance EXCEPT that it:


A. was militarily “punished” for firing on foreign shipping.
B. was, at first, against the Japanese opening to the West.
C. produced a rebellion that ended the shogunate and brought about the Meiji Restoration.
D. never accepted the fact that Japan had to begin to modernize in order to survive.


Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points
The capital under the Meiji Restoration was moved from:


A. Kyoto to Sapporo.
B. Osaka to Shimonoseki.
C. Tokyo to Nagasaki.
D. Kyoto to Tokyo.


Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points
The Progressive constitution adopted by the Japanese in 1890, with authority placed in the executive branch of the government, was modeled on the government of:


A. China.
B. Germany.
C. Great Britain.
D. Russia.

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