Key Assignment Final DraftPart ADeliverable Length: 1,500â2,000 wordsTwo important policy goals of the government and the Fed are to keep unemployment and inflation low while at the same time making sure that GDP is increasing an average of 3% per year. It is important to have the right mix of policies and that all the variables be timed perfectly.Part 1: Assume that the country is in a period of high unemployment, interest rates are at almost zero, inflation is about 2% per year, and GDP growth is less than 2% per year. Suggest how fiscal and monetary policy can move those numbers to an acceptable level keeping inflation the same. What is the first action you would take as the president? As the chairman of the Fed? Why? What would be your subsequent steps? Make sure you include both the positive and negative effects of your actions making sure you include the trade-offs or opportunity costs.Include the following concepts in your discussion:â¢Demand and supply of moneyâ¢Income and Productivityâ¢Interest ratesâ¢Okunâs lawâ¢The Phillips curveâ¢Taxationâ¢Government spendingâ¢Wagesâ¢Aggregate supplyâ¢Aggregate demandâ¢Long run and short runâ¢Costs of inflationâ¢The multiplier and the tax multiplierâ¢An open vs. a closed economyâ¢The idea of tax rebates to stimulate the economyPart 2: Assume the country is in a budget deficit and carrying a very large debt. Discuss the dangers of a high debt to GDP ratio and a growing budget deficit. Would this change any policy changes you discussed in Part 1?Part BDeliverable Length: 1,500â2,000 wordsThe financial crisis of 2008 has caused macroeconomists to rethink monetary and fiscal policies. Economists, financial experts, and government policy makers are victims of what former Fed chairman Alan Greenspan called a âonce in a century credit tsunamiââin other words, nobody saw it coming.Because you are now the expert in macroeconomics, your friends keep asking you your thoughts on what caused the financial crisis and whether the United States is going in the right or wrong direction with its current policies.Focus specifically on the following:â¢Monetary policy?What monetary policies do you think caused the crisis??What were the effects of the policies implemented in reaction to the crisis??Do you think the solutions worked in the short term? In the long term?â¢Fiscal policies?What fiscal policies do you think caused the crisis??What were the effects of the fiscal policies implemented in reaction to the crisis??Do you think the solutions worked in the short term? In the long term?Make sure you include the following concepts in your analysis:â¢Interest ratesâ¢GSAsâ¢The financial services industries (CDOs, CMOs, the stock market, credit flows, money markets, etc.)â¢Tax rebatesâ¢Aggregate demandâ¢Stimulusâ¢TARPâ¢Government debt and deficitâ¢Inflationâ¢Unemploymentâ¢GDPâ¢Globalizationâ¢Foreign investmentIn your opinion, did government intervention help or harm the economy before and after the panic of 2008? Would you have done anything differently?Make sure you use research to back up your argument.Part cÂ· Explain the concepts of supply and demand.Â· Describe the concept of macroeconomic equilibrium.Â· Discuss how aggregate demand and aggregate supply determine equilibrium price and output in the short-run and long-run.Â· Describe the concepts and measurement of gross domestic product, unemployment, and inflation.Â· Explain what is meant by business cycles and economic growth and describe the factors that contribute to each.Â· Discuss the multiplier concept, how it is computed, its qualifications, and its limitations.Â· Describe and illustrate the concepts, tools, and implementation of fiscal policy.Â· Demonstrate understanding of macroeconomics through the discussion of contemporary economic issues.
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