Text Problems (5 points).Prepare a response to the following assignments from the textPrinciples of Managerial Finance.Â· Problems 14.9 and 14.16 inCh.1414.9Accounts receivable changes with bad debtsA firm is evaluating an accounts receivablechange that would increase bad debts from 2% to 4% of sales. Sales are currently50,000 units, the selling price is $20 per unit, and the variable cost per unit is$15. As a result of the proposed change, sales are forecast to increase to 60,000 units.a.What are bad debts in dollars currently and under the proposed change?b.Calculate thecost of the marginal bad debtsto the firm.c.Ignoring the additional profit contribution from increased sales, if the proposedchange saves $3,500 and causes no change in the average investment in accounts receivable, would you recommend it? Explain.d.Consideringallchanges in costs and benefits, would you recommend the proposedchange? Explain.e.Compare and discuss your answers in partscandd.Problem 2Zero-balance accountUnion Company is considering establishment of a zerobalanceaccount. The firm currently maintains an average balance of $420,000 inits disbursement account. As compensation to the bank for maintaining the zerobalanceaccount, the firm will have to pay a monthly fee of $1,000 and maintain a$300,000 nonâinterest-earning deposit in the bank. The firm currently has no otherdeposits in the bank. Evaluate the proposed zero-balance account, and make a recommendatioto the firm, assuming that it has a 12% opportunity cost.Problem 15.9 inCh.15Cost of bank loanData Back-Up Systems has obtained a $10,000, 90-day bankloan at an annual interest rate of 15%, payable at maturity. (Note:Assume a365-day year.)a.How much interest (in dollars) will the firm pay on the 90-day loan?b.Find theeffective 90-day rateon the loan.c.Annualize your result in partbto find theeffective annual ratefor this loan,assuming that it is rolled over every 90 days throughout the year under the sameterms and circumstances.
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