ENG 122 Week 4 Final Exam (All correct 75/75)

Question 1.1. If a researcher finds the “perfect source,” no other source materials are needed. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 2.2. Aristotle’s _____________________ frames an argument within the rhetorical context of ethos, pathos, and logos. (Points : 1)

        teeter-totter

        square peg

        evidence

        triangle

 

 

Question 3.3. Which one of the following strategies will NOT help you work through confusion? (Points : 1)

        Allow yourself limitless time to research thoroughly before writing.

        Consult a specialized dictionary.

        Get the help of someone with more knowledge than you.

        Ask for professional assistance from an instructor.

 

 

Question 4.4. What is the best way to describe the concept of a “community of thinkers”? (Points : 1)

        Insistence of the truth of one’s own beliefs on a subject

        Exchange and contribution of ideas among critical thinkers

        Discussion within groups of like-minded individuals

        Heated debates where one side clearly wins the argument

 

 

Question 5.5. A good synthesis includes all of the following elements EXCEPT (Points : 1)

        the interweaving of quoted and cited passages into your own paragraphs.

        the use of specialized language.

        the credentials of the authors of your research articles.

        lack of distinction between your views and the ideas of other writers.

 

 

Question 6.6. Misrepresenting an opponent’s position then arguing against the misrepresented position is the basic working definition of (Points : 1)

        the straw-man fallacy.

        the red-herring fallacy.

        the relativist fallacy.

        the subjectivist fallacy.

 

 

Question 7.7. If you are found responsible for violating the Academic Dishonestly policy, and there are multiple instances of academic dishonesty violations, or a singular violation is egregious, you will be referred to the Student Affairs department for review. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 8.8. Representing the words or ideas of another as one’s own in any academic exercise, including draft assignments that are submitted and graded as a part of the curriculum, is plagiarism. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 9.9. Which of the following local purposes is NOT useful in the body of the essay? (Points : 1)

        Providing exhibits to elaborate the problem

        Filling gaps in conversation

        Supporting the argument about the causes of a problem

        Supporting traditional views without question

 

 

Question 10.10. Subject guides in a university library provide all of the following resources EXCEPT (Points : 1)

        specific peer reviewed articles.

        useful database recommendations.

        the names of useful subject-specific resources.

        reference books.

 

 

Question 11.11. Choose the best topic sentence. (Points : 1)

        Although pets walk on bare paws and may shed hair or fur, they should be permitted in restaurants because they are more clean and hygienic than most people in my family.

        There are a number of dog breeds that do not shed fur; instead, they grow hair.

        All dogs go to heaven.

 

 

Question 12.12. Changing a word or two in a source relieves you of the responsibility to credit the source. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 13.13. Which of the following BEST describes the primary goal of a research project? (Points : 1)

        To prove your idea is the best

        To bring a conversation to a close

        To win a debate on an issue

        To push a conversation forward

 

 

Question 14.14. Which of the following is UNLIKELY to help the reader find BASIC information on a topic? (Points : 1)

        Consulting encyclopedias

        Referring to subject guides

        Reading dictionaries

        Searching academic databases

 

 

Question 15.15. Which of the following reasons is the LEAST likely cause of plagiarism? (Points : 1)

        A belief that all information is common knowledge

        The pressure to succeed at all costs

        A failure to understand what constitutes plagiarism

        Thinking that no one will ever notice the plagiarism

 

 

Question 16.16. Which of the following is NOT considered a viable criterion for evaluating sources? (Points : 1)

        Credibility

        Relevance of subject matter

        Ease with which it was found online

        Expertise of author

 

 

Question 17.17. Which of the following DOES NOT describe a characteristic of news, trade, and popular sources? (Points : 1)

        They may be subject to editorial review or review by industry practitioners.

        They make assertions without always providing readers with verification of evidence.

        They are written primarily to educate or entertain.

        They use a broad citation system to document sources.

 

 

Question 18.18. Abstracts are useful in helping researchers accomplish all of the following, EXCEPT (Points : 1)

        previewing significant findings.

        describing the problem.

        gathering comprehensive data.

        presenting conclusions.

 

 

Question 19.19. Which of the following does NOT apply to student researchers? (Points : 1)

        You must demonstrate knowledge of a subject.

        You must include credible, scholarly research.

        You must actively respond to the experts in your writing.

        You must seek to correct other studies.

 

 

Question 20.20. The majority of your research should be conducted (Points : 1)

        via the World Wide Web.

        via Ashford Library databases.

        via the Google search engine.

        via the Bing search engine.

 

 

Question 21.21. Which of the following is NOT a great demonstration of scholarly writing material? (Points : 1)

        Lecturing readers on common knowledge

        Making an argument

        Criticizing another writer’s method

        Borrowing expert authority

 

 

Question 22.22. All of the following criteria help writers gauge their interest in a topic, EXCEPT (Points : 1)

        listing unanswered questions.

        mapping concepts and connections.

        deciding that sufficient research already exists.

        writing paragraphs about important topics.

 

 

Question 23.23. Using the acronym “BEAM” helps researchers in which of the following ways? (Points : 1)

        It teaches students how to find sources in the library and how to use them in research.

        It helps students remember the different types of sources by using an everyday term.

        It makes the different types of writing abstract and complex.

        It helps students learn new vocabulary words.

 

 

Question 24.24. Which of the following is NOT a reason why student researchers often struggle to find resources? (Points : 1)

        They discover that no resources exist on their topic of interest.

        They search randomly for general information.

        They are unfamiliar with Google Scholar and other library databases.

        They are unaware of differences between academic and popular sources.

 

 

Question 25.25. It is NOT important to build credibility in an academic argument. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 26.26. A comma-splice sentence may be corrected by (Points : 1)

        ending the sentence where the comma is and starting a new sentence.

        replacing the comma with a semicolon to connect the two independent clauses.

        All of the above

        None of the above

 

 

Question 27.27. When reading complex or dull materials, which of the following is the LEAST helpful approach? (Points : 1)

        Give yourself a small window of time to understand and then move on to a more interesting piece.

        Concentrate on understanding the difficult parts of the writing before moving on to others.

        Try to connect reading with personal experiences.

        Consider how the reading changes your opinions about your topic.

 

 

Question 28.28. Using “natural language” in a database search is MOST likely to produce WHICH of the following results? (Points : 1)

        Difficult language will get translated to everyday speech.

        Researchers will find the sources they need.

        Researchers will find few or no helpful results.

        The database will display an abundance of general topics.

 

 

Question 29.29. Which thesis sentence best addresses a counter-argument? (Points : 1)

        Carbohydrates are not healthy for most people.

        Despite years dependence on calorie reduction to lose weight, medical intervention and personalized diet plans are more effective than a generic diet of strict caloric restrictions.

        I tried Weight Watchers in the 1990s but gained all of the weight back. Now I am on the South Beach Diet and I’ve already lost 15 pounds!

        Men have an easier time losing weight than women.

 

 

Question 30.30. Acts of plagiarism include, but are not limited to (Points : 1)

        copying text from printed materials, which include books, magazines, encyclopedias, newspapers, etc.

        the modification of text with the intent of changing verbiage, changing words, or interspacing the student’s work into the plagiarized work.

        All of the above

        None of the above

 

 

Question 31.31. To meet research deadlines, which of the following criteria is MOST useful? (Points : 1)

        Open-ended research questions

        Expertise in the field of study

        A narrow focus

        A broad view of a topic

 

 

Question 32.32. When analyzing and interpreting a source, researchers should avoid WHICH of the following? (Points : 1)

        Understanding the sequence of ideas

        Understanding patterns in ideas

        Understanding relationships between evidence

        Understanding concepts in the abstract

 

 

Question 33.33. Which of the following is the LEAST EFFECTIVE way to describe your topic and its scope? (Points : 1)

        Establish the central questions that drive scholarly discussions.

        Be selective about the number of questions you ask.

        Make sure that questions are closely related to one another.

        Convey every question you seek to answer in the paper.

 

 

Question 34.34. A topic sentence must be followed by supporting evidence. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 35.35. A paper’s conclusion is exactly the same as the syllogism’s conclusion. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 36.36. An original work (as opposed to an interpretation of the work) is known as (Points : 1)

        a primary source.

        a secondary source.

        a tertiary source.

        None of the above

 

 

Question 37.37. Synthesizing tables are most helpful for WHICH of the following reasons? (Points : 1)

        Noting the variety of alternate views on the topic

        Capturing areas of disagreement

        Noting sources of agreement

        Citing examples of writer’s main thoughts

 

 

Question 38.38. A thesis statement can be written as a question. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 39.39. Which of the following steps do NOT help writers develop research topics into appropriate lines of inquiry? (Points : 1)

        Identify the parent, sibling, and child topics.

        Construct a central, one-dimensional topic.

        Develop a set of essential and supporting questions.

        Define the scope of your project.

 

 

Question 40.40. The four essential elements of an argument are (Points : 1)

        ethos, pathos, typos, and logos.

        classic, Aristotelian, Rogerian, and consensual.

        claim, evidence, counterargument, and rebuttal.

        ethos, rhetoric, logos, and argument.

 

 

Question 41.41. Which of the following makes researchers passive rather than active in the research process? (Points : 1)

        Simply summarizing what other researchers have already published

        Building on the previously published work of others

        Showing relationship of current study to previously published work

        Challenging well-established conclusions of other researchers and publications

 

 

Question 42.42. Limiting the scope of your research project can involve all of the following, EXCEPT (Points : 1)

        specifying a subtopic to help limit your research.

        exploring a problem fully and completely.

        defining a location where you will focus your attention.

        viewing your topic through a specific theoretical perspective.

 

 

Question 43.43. Synthesizing helps writers with WHICH of the following skills? (Points : 1)

        Reading to understand a fact

        Memorizing important data

        Selecting the correct option

        Seeing connections between sources

 

 

Question 44.44. A keyword search in the library’s databases functions exactly like a regular Google web search. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 45.45. The reference-page citation format for a book includes the following information in the following order: (Points : 1)

        Author's Last Name, Initials. (Publication Year). Title of book. Location: Publisher

        Author's Last Name, Initials. Title of book. Location: Publisher (Publication Year)

        Title of book. Author’s Last Name, First Name. Location: Publisher (Publication Year)

        Title of book. Author’s Last Name, Initials. Location: Publisher (Publication Year)

 

 

Question 46.46. How does a verbal, everyday argument DIFFER from an academic argument? (Points : 1)

        A verbal, everyday argument allows writers to report facts clearly.

        A verbal, everyday argument enables academic readers to access summaries other viewpoints.

        A verbal, everyday argument encourages you to win over an opponent’s.

        A verbal, everyday argument creates an opportunity to calmly consider another person’s perspective.

 

Question 47.47. How are exhibit sources MOST relevant to researchers? (Points : 1)

        They encourage readers to interpret evidence and think critically.

        They establish the undisputed facts of the topic.

        They make a convincing argument on one side of the debate.

        They display various works of art from different historical eras.

 

 

Question 48.48. Which of the following BEST describes the purpose of a thesis? (Points : 1)

        To respond to one or more researchers’ positions

        To prove a point

        To present a straightforward definition of the topic

        To cite relevant evidence to support your argument

 

 

Question 49.49. Which of the following is the PRIMARY motivation for publishing credible work? (Points : 1)

        Desire to advance a political agenda

        Pursuit of truth as the highest goal

        Desire to entertain readers

        Strong faith in one’s own beliefs

 

 

Question 50.50. Peer review is NOT able to provide us with which of the following? (Points : 1)

        Careful interpretations

        Conclusive evidence

        Alternative perspectives

        Reasonable accuracy

 

 

Question 51.51. Which fallacy typically involves circular reasoning? (Points : 1)

        An appeal to inadequate authority

        Begging the question

        Hasty generalization

        All of the above

 

 

Question 52.52. Writers who treat readers as fellow researchers do all of the following EXCEPT (Points : 1)

        admit their arguments are limited and open to critique.

        state facts on a subject for the reader to accept without question.

        display evidence from which they draw conclusions.

        invite readers to join a conversation.

 

 

Question 53.53. Which thesis statement offers a strong position for a persuasive paper? (Points : 1)

        Peanut allergies have been on the rise in the last twenty years in America.

        Recent popularity of antibacterial soaps, cleaners, and sanitizers may be one cause of some of the food-based allergies in some people, in my opinion.

        A lot of doctors say that allergen-inducing foods should be avoided in the first year of life.

        Allergens including peanuts, tree nuts, and fruits, are a serious threat to the health of millions of school children the world over.

 

Question 54.54. When you use your values and personal experiences as evidence, you need to do all of the following EXCEPT (Points : 1)

        establish the limited nature of your views and experiences.

        test your views and experiences by including other evidence.

        describe your values and experiences so that you win the debate.

        consider the values and experiences of others.

 

 

Question 55.55. Pre-reading strategies should include which ONE of the following activities? (Points : 1)

        Survey the writing for overviews and summaries first.

        Clear your mind of questions and expectations.

        Avoid making comparisons to other writings.

        Consider what the writer knows instead of what you believe you know.

 

 

Question 56.56. What should you AVOID when organizing sequences? (Points : 1)

        Devoting entire sections of your paper to one source

        Listing the pros and cons

        Demonstrating a single point multiple ways

        Saving your analysis for the end

 

 

Question 57.57. An outline is a final product that requires an audience analysis. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 58.58. This in-text citation—(para. 9)—indicates that (Points : 1)

        it has been paraphrased nine times.

        no page number is available and the quote occurs in the ninth paragraph.

        the full citation can be found on page nine of the research paper.

        None of the above

 

 

Question 59.59. Choose the best thesis statement. (Points : 1)

        The federal government has had a courteous and supportive relationship with Planned Parenthood and other women’s health facilities for decades; however, funding from federal coffers should not be spent on procedures that are deemed unethical and murderous in the eyes of taxpayers.

        In this paper, I will explain my views on abortion.

        This paper will show that women’s health issues are important in America today and why Planned Parenthood should continue to receive federal funding.

 

Question 60.60. A good conclusion does all of the following EXCEPT (Points : 1)

        it explains the contents of a source with quotes and citations.

        it articulates ideas in a complex manner that ties analysis together.

        it explains implications of ideas and the importance of the research.

        it encourages readers to pursue the topic further.

 

 

Question 61.61. To establish yourself as a fair-minded thinker, WHICH of the following DOES NOT apply? (Points : 1)

        Avoid discussing perspectives different from yours.

        Cite conflicting views.

        Represent a range of ideas.

        Include sources with claims that oppose your own.

 

 

Question 62.62. Which of the following is NOT a requirement of APA style? (Points : 1)

        An in-text citation with abbreviated publication information

        An in-text citation with the full Internet web address (URL)

        A references page containing all sources in alphabetical order

        Parenthetical references with author and publication year

 

 

Question 63.63. Arguments based on emotion or personal experiences are largely dismissed in the academic world for all of the following reasons EXCEPT (Points : 1)

        they insert passion into an otherwise boring discussion.

        they insist that all people should share the author’s personal values.

        they encourage us to ignore competing viewpoints.

        they give too much weight to our own experiences.

 

 

Question 64.64. Choose the best thesis statement. (Points : 1)

        People should always keep their dogs restrained because it is the law.

        Although dogs require exercise for optimal health, owners should always keep their dogs restrained to protect the animal from accidental injury and the public from attack.

        Dogs are animals and not fashion accessories so they should be allowed to run free.

 

 

Question 65.65. Creative thinkers offer which of the following necessary skills to a research project? (Points : 1)

        The expertise to use logic to solve a problem

        The ability to provide a clear answer to a question

        Open-mindedness about alternative thinking

        The discipline to conduct research thoroughly

 

 

Question 66.66. Which of the following is the LEAST useful type of source? (Points : 1)

        One that includes other researchers’ analysis

        One that offers just facts or information

        One that offers you new perspectives

        One that includes at least one of the BEAM elements

 

 

Question 67.67. Each paragraph should support multiple topics. (Points : 1)

        True

        False

 

 

Question 68.68. Which of the following approaches is MOST helpful during the research process? (Points : 1)

        Approaching research with an open mind

        Only seeking facts that support one’s personal beliefs

        Rejecting unconventional ideas and research

        Supporting research based on illogical arguments

 

 

Question 69.69. Which of the following is NOT a reason a parent topic is a good starting point? (Points : 1)

        Parent topics provide a general framework from which to get started.

        Parent topics provide a context for the debate.

        Parent topics show how your topic relates to larger issues.

        Parent topics create boundaries and limitations to maintain focus.

 

 

Question 70.70. Which of the following statements is considered a distinguishing characteristic of a research question? (Points : 1)

        It is formed after consulting existing research.

        It has an obvious “yes” or “no” answer.

        It includes large generalizations on several topics.

        It features very emotional language that is casual in tone.

 

 

Question 71.71. When completing your thesis statement, you should have all of the following EXCEPT (Points : 1)

        definitive answers to your topic question.

        examples and cases for evidence.

        an interpretative framework.

        multiple partners-in-inquiry.

 

 

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