76. Which of the following is most important in the equity theory?A. The evaluation of equality of inputs or equality of outcomesB. The absolute value of one’s own outcomes considered by itselfC. The absolute value of one’s own inputs considered by itselfD. The relationship between the two ratios77. Which of the following statements about the equity theory is true?A. If the ratios are significantly different, a follower is not motivated to take changeB. As long as there is general equality between the two ratios, there ismotivation to changeC. The perception of inequity creates a state of tension and an inherentpressure for changeD. Exactly what the follower will be motivated to do depends on the di- rection of equality78. One’s core beliefs about being able to successfully perform a given task iscalledA. Self-actualizationB. Self-efficacyC. Self-esteemD. Self-fulfillment79. Which of the following is an advantage of decentralized organizations?A. Uniform policies and proceduresB. Minimal participation in the decision processC. Greater acceptance and ownership of decision outcomesD. Clearer coordination procedures80. What is the disadvantage of functional organizations?A. Poor coordination across departmentsB. Duplication of resourcesC. Less in depth technical expertiseD. Weak coordination across different product groupings81. What is the advantage of a product organization design?A. Centralized decision making and controlB. Efficient use of scarce resourcesC. Skill development for technical personnelD. It places a premium on organizational goals82. An organization with a stable, well-established product line and the need for close coordination between functions would be best off with which type of design?A. BureaucraticB. FunctionalC. MatrixD. Product83. What is the greatest disadvantage of the matrix design?A. Decreased lateral communication and coordinationB. Inefficient utilization of human resourcesC. Employees end up working for two bossesD. It can create scheduling nightmares84. This represents the degree to which a leader’s work group is affected by the activities of other subunits within the organization.A. CentralizationB. Lateral interdependenceC. Horizontal complexityD. Spatial complexity85. This is the weakest element of situational favorability.A. Subordinate acceptanceB. Leader-member relationsC. Task structureD. Position power86. The highest levels of situational favorability occur whenA. Leader-member relations are good, the task is structured and positionpower is highB. There are high levels of leader-member conflict, the task is unstructured and the leader does not have the power to reward/punish subordinatesC. Leader-member relations are good, the task is unstructured and position power is lowD. There are high levels of leader-member conflict, the task is structured and the leader has the power to reward/punish subordinates87. Which leader behaviors are marked by attention to the competing demands of treating followers equally while recognizing status differentials between the leader and the followers?A. Achievement-oriented leadershipB. Directive leadershipC. Participative leadershipD. Supportive leadership88. Leaders exhibiting participative leadershipA. Are very similar to the task behaviors from SLTB. Are very similar to the relationship behaviors in SLTC. Engage in the behaviors that mark consultative and group behaviorsD. Would be seen as both demanding and supporting in interactions withtheir followers89. Internal-locus-of-control followersA. Are much more satisfied with leaders who exhibit achievement-oriented behaviors than they are with leaders who are supportiveB. Believe outcomes are a result of their own decisionsC. Are more satisfied with directive leader behaviors than they are withparticipative leader behaviorsD. Believe they are, relatively speaking, “pawns of fate”90. Which of the following is not a variable in the path-goal theory?A. AchievementB. Leader BehaviorsC. FollowersD. The Sitiuation91. The _____ authority system is associated with leaders thought to possess,divine or superhuman qualities.A. TraditionalB. Legal-rationalC. CharismaticD. Personalized92. Transactional leadershipA. Occurs when a person possesses authority not because of tradition, but because of the laws that govern the position occupiedB. Serves to change the status quo by appealing to followers’ values andtheir sense of higher purposeC. Occurs when the traditions of society dictate who has authority and how this authority can be usedD. Occurs when leaders and followers are in some type of exchangerelationship in order to get needs met93. This leadership serves to change the status quo by appealing to followers’values and their sense of higher purpose.A. SupportiveB. TransactionalC. TransformationalD. Participative94. Which of the following statements is true?A. Transactional leaders are always controversialB. All transformational leaders are charismaticC. All charismatic leaders are transformationalD. Transactional leaders are also adept at reframing issues95. According to the research on charismatic leadership, which of the following characteristics would fall in the leader category in the L-F-S interactional framework?A. CrisesB. Feelings of empowermentC. Rhetorical skillsD. Task interdependence96. According to research, the leader’s vision isA. Consistent with current realitiesB. Usually presented in written form so subordinates can study itC. Often depressing (in the short run) for the subordinates who must change their viewD. Often a collaborative effort97. Which of the following statements about transformational leaders is true?A. They are inherently future-orientedB. Their vision is based solely on their own valuesC. They sometimes take credit for others’ accomplishmentsD. They tend to be emotionally expressive98. Charismatic leadersA. Use abstract and colorless rational discourse to reframe issuesB. Make extensive use of stories to make their pointsC. Are adept at tailoring their language to particular groupsD. Are good in engaging groups mentally and emotionally99. Charismatic leaders tend to beA. Extremely smartB. Data-drivenC. Emotionally expressiveD. Fairly introverted100. This takes place when followers do no more than abide by the policies andprocedures surrounding change requests.A. CooperationB. ComplianceC. CommitmentD. Malicious compliance

"Get 15% discount on your first 3 orders with us"
Use the following coupon
"FIRST15"

Order Now

76. Which of the following is most important in the equity theory?A. The evaluation of equality of inputs or equality of outcomesB. The absolute value of one’s own outcomes considered by itselfC. The absolute value of one’s own inputs considered by itselfD. The relationship between the two ratios77. Which of the following statements about the equity theory is true?A. If the ratios are significantly different, a follower is not motivated to take changeB. As long as there is general equality between the two ratios, there ismotivation to changeC. The perception of inequity creates a state of tension and an inherentpressure for changeD. Exactly what the follower will be motivated to do depends on the di- rection of equality78. One’s core beliefs about being able to successfully perform a given task iscalledA. Self-actualizationB. Self-efficacyC. Self-esteemD. Self-fulfillment79. Which of the following is an advantage of decentralized organizations?A. Uniform policies and proceduresB. Minimal participation in the decision processC. Greater acceptance and ownership of decision outcomesD. Clearer coordination procedures80. What is the disadvantage of functional organizations?A. Poor coordination across departmentsB. Duplication of resourcesC. Less in depth technical expertiseD. Weak coordination across different product groupings81. What is the advantage of a product organization design?A. Centralized decision making and controlB. Efficient use of scarce resourcesC. Skill development for technical personnelD. It places a premium on organizational goals82. An organization with a stable, well-established product line and the need for close coordination between functions would be best off with which type of design?A. BureaucraticB. FunctionalC. MatrixD. Product83. What is the greatest disadvantage of the matrix design?A. Decreased lateral communication and coordinationB. Inefficient utilization of human resourcesC. Employees end up working for two bossesD. It can create scheduling nightmares84. This represents the degree to which a leader’s work group is affected by the activities of other subunits within the organization.A. CentralizationB. Lateral interdependenceC. Horizontal complexityD. Spatial complexity85. This is the weakest element of situational favorability.A. Subordinate acceptanceB. Leader-member relationsC. Task structureD. Position power86. The highest levels of situational favorability occur whenA. Leader-member relations are good, the task is structured and positionpower is highB. There are high levels of leader-member conflict, the task is unstructured and the leader does not have the power to reward/punish subordinatesC. Leader-member relations are good, the task is unstructured and position power is lowD. There are high levels of leader-member conflict, the task is structured and the leader has the power to reward/punish subordinates87. Which leader behaviors are marked by attention to the competing demands of treating followers equally while recognizing status differentials between the leader and the followers?A. Achievement-oriented leadershipB. Directive leadershipC. Participative leadershipD. Supportive leadership88. Leaders exhibiting participative leadershipA. Are very similar to the task behaviors from SLTB. Are very similar to the relationship behaviors in SLTC. Engage in the behaviors that mark consultative and group behaviorsD. Would be seen as both demanding and supporting in interactions withtheir followers89. Internal-locus-of-control followersA. Are much more satisfied with leaders who exhibit achievement-oriented behaviors than they are with leaders who are supportiveB. Believe outcomes are a result of their own decisionsC. Are more satisfied with directive leader behaviors than they are withparticipative leader behaviorsD. Believe they are, relatively speaking, “pawns of fate”90. Which of the following is not a variable in the path-goal theory?A. AchievementB. Leader BehaviorsC. FollowersD. The Sitiuation91. The _____ authority system is associated with leaders thought to possess,divine or superhuman qualities.A. TraditionalB. Legal-rationalC. CharismaticD. Personalized92. Transactional leadershipA. Occurs when a person possesses authority not because of tradition, but because of the laws that govern the position occupiedB. Serves to change the status quo by appealing to followers’ values andtheir sense of higher purposeC. Occurs when the traditions of society dictate who has authority and how this authority can be usedD. Occurs when leaders and followers are in some type of exchangerelationship in order to get needs met93. This leadership serves to change the status quo by appealing to followers’values and their sense of higher purpose.A. SupportiveB. TransactionalC. TransformationalD. Participative94. Which of the following statements is true?A. Transactional leaders are always controversialB. All transformational leaders are charismaticC. All charismatic leaders are transformationalD. Transactional leaders are also adept at reframing issues95. According to the research on charismatic leadership, which of the following characteristics would fall in the leader category in the L-F-S interactional framework?A. CrisesB. Feelings of empowermentC. Rhetorical skillsD. Task interdependence96. According to research, the leader’s vision isA. Consistent with current realitiesB. Usually presented in written form so subordinates can study itC. Often depressing (in the short run) for the subordinates who must change their viewD. Often a collaborative effort97. Which of the following statements about transformational leaders is true?A. They are inherently future-orientedB. Their vision is based solely on their own valuesC. They sometimes take credit for others’ accomplishmentsD. They tend to be emotionally expressive98. Charismatic leadersA. Use abstract and colorless rational discourse to reframe issuesB. Make extensive use of stories to make their pointsC. Are adept at tailoring their language to particular groupsD. Are good in engaging groups mentally and emotionally99. Charismatic leaders tend to beA. Extremely smartB. Data-drivenC. Emotionally expressiveD. Fairly introverted100. This takes place when followers do no more than abide by the policies andprocedures surrounding change requests.A. CooperationB. ComplianceC. CommitmentD. Malicious compliance

"Get 15% discount on your first 3 orders with us"
Use the following coupon
"FIRST15"

Order Now