Kobayashi Corporation reports in the current liability section of its statement of financial position at December 31, 2012 (its year-end), short-term obligations of $15,000,000, which includes the current portion of 12% long-term debt in the amount of $10,000,000 (matures in March 2013). Management has stated its intention to refinance the 12% debt whereby no portion of it will mature during 2013. The date of issuance of the financial statements is March 25, 2013.
(a) Is management’s intent enough to support long-term classification of the obligation in this situation?
(b) Assume that Kobayashi Corporation issues $13,000,000 of 10-year debentures to the public in January 2013 and that management intends to use the proceeds to liquidate the $10,000,000 debt maturing in March 2013. Furthermore, assume that the debt maturing in March 2013 is paid from these proceeds prior to the authorization to issue the financial statements. Will this have any impact on the statement of financial position classification at December 31, 2012? Explain your answer.
(c) Assume that Kobayashi Corporation issues ordinary shares to the public in January and that management intends to entirely liquidate the $10,000,000 debt maturing in March 2013 with the proceeds of this equity securities issue. In light of these events, should the $10,000,000 debt maturing in March 2013 be included in current liabilities at December 31, 2012?